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El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz (Malcolm X)

"Islam, revolution and racism"

by Federica Mereu




Revolutionary Black Nationalism

Following the pilgrimage to the Mecca, the hajj, partly because of the influence of the orthodox Islam that underlines the fundamental unity of all the human beings of forehead to an only God, partly to also have come to contact with revolutionary of white skin, Malcolm X repudiated racism in all of his forms and since then judged men and women in base to the actions and the attitudes and not more for the color of the skin.

Following the breakup with Elijah Muhammad and his sect, Malcolm X stuck to the orthodox Islamic doctrine, but the struggle of the blacks was a matter that had to be faced and resolved on the political plan. June 28 th 1964 was founded Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU), a movement to secular character constituted to the purpose to establish a relationship of communication and mutual help between the Afro-Americans and their African brothers on the base of a facing program the conquest of the human rights “by any means necessary.”

Malcolm X to the search of a synthesis between black nationalism and revolutionary socialism: its new political, economic and social philosophy was revolutionary black nationalism.

While the political objective of the integrazionistis, politically riformisti and moderates and incapable to look at what happened in the surrounding world, it was the recognition of the civil rights of the blacks, the integration and that of the nationalists it was the complete separation between whites and blacks and of fact this attitude it politically made the conservative and static nationalistic movement, revolutionary black nationalism wished the overthrow of the status quo and the revolutionary reorganization of the whole society through a radical change of the economy, of the political structure, of the laws, of the educational system and the substitution of the dominant class with a new government founded on the strengths that are opposed to the racism.

The revolutionary ones were not felt part of the black minority in America; they were identified with the humanity of color, with the dark people that, on the world scene, they were the majority and you/they were starting to make to hear their voice in defense of the human rights.

“... I am not American. They are one of the twenty-two million of men from the black skin that I/you/they are victims of the Americanism, one of the twenty-two million of victims of the democracy that it is not anything else other than a hypocrisy disguised ...Io I speak from victim of the system American ...e I don't succeed in seeing any dream American. What I see is an American nightmare” [Giammanco 1994: 146].

Whatever revolt had bursted in the United States, you/he/she would not have owed to isolatamente but part of a revolution to be considered to world level that was advancing in that years anywhere on the earth. “Revolution” in the sense of Umwaelzung, that means “complete overthrow.” The bastions of the imperialism and the “white supremacy” you/they would inevitably be crushed by the “invincibile historical tide of the oppressed humanity.” The racial injustice, carrying column of the operation of the capitalistic car, would have been able never to be resolved inside the system vigente in the United States of America.



Part - 1 - 2 - 3 - 4 - 5 - 6 - 7 - 8 - 9 - 10 - 11 - Bibliography - Notes


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